Monthly Archives: October 2011

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A Wassily Kandinsky painting.

A Wassily Kandinsky painting.

Another essay I wrote back in 2008.

Must perception involve the conceptualisation of what is perceived?

‘Perception’ is commonly used to denote the acquisition of knowledge of an external object where the subject’s level of awareness is such that conceptualisation of that object is required. But there is dispute as to whether or not perceptual states include access to pre-conceptual components, that is, whether or not we can have perceptual knowledge of an object without conceptualising it.

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Perception and Conceptualisation

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Are the Conditions of Belief, Truth and Justification Necessary and Sufficient for Knowledge?

World Knowledge MedalThis is an essay I wrote back in 2008. I evaluate the ‘standard analysis’ of the conditions for knowledge in the light of Gettier’s counter-examples. I cover three possible solutions: 1) redefining the conditions of knowledge (I follow especially Nozick’s conditional theory as advocated by Dancy, 1985), 2) explaining away Gettier’s refutation (particularly following Fogelin, as elaborated in Williams, 2001), and 3) radical scepticism. These positions each have merits in their own ways, but it is the conditional theory that is most plausible and as a result the elaboration of the standard analysis found in the question above should be rejected. Read the rest of this entry

On the Definition of ‘Knowledge’

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Candlelight Reading

Sola Scriptura is the dogma of Reformed Christianity that religious or theological authority comes from the bible alone (i.e. solely from scripture). This is the most distinctive belief of Protestantism because it is seen to dispense with the authoritative structures of traditional Christianity.

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Against Evangelicalism: Sola Scriptura

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Born Gay, Follow the Ray; Born Straight, Refuse to HateEven if Christian ethics wasn’t based upon toleration, non-violent resistance, and love of one’s enemies, the argument for the view that scripture teaches that homosexuals should be condemned and ostracised is extraordinarily poor. My purpose here is to show that even if (unlike myself) you believe that the whole New Testament was directly revealed in vocal form by God, you needn’t believe that homosexuality is a sin.

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Against Evangelicalism: Homosexuality

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Critique of Arguments for Vegetarianism

Vegetarian Hate PlantsSurely there’s nothing actually wrong with eating meat is there? Yes some people prefer not to because of sensibilities concerning animal suffering, but they just can’t separate the idea of animals being cute and fluffy with the idea of meat just being what humans eat. But are there any reasonable arguments against being omnivorous?

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Got No Beef With Me?